These photographs, as single streetlights along a difficult path, illuminate some of the players and places.







San Rafael. The Sender family came here for vacations.




The meadow across the highway from Villa Frutos is where Ramón J. Sender and Amparo said goodbye for the last time.








Tia Conchita. Speaking of the Sender family, she said, “Well, for some years we had rented a villa in the summer colony of San Rafael — even before your parents met … The air is fresh there and the velvet green forests climb up to the sky. We always rented the same chalet, Villa Frutos, the last one on the road toward Avila.”





Antonio Barayón with his children. Circa 1913.
Back row, left to right: Casimira, Saturnino, Magdalena and Amparo.
Front row: Antonio, Nati and Eugenia.

The Barayón family’s Café Iberia as it looked during Amparo’s childhood.




A photo of Amparo dated June 21, 1929, inscribed “to my goddaughter with love, Amparito.” She was twenty-five years old. Courtesy of Antonio Arias.


Amparo Barayón with newborn “Monchín” (the family’s affectionate name for the author as a child), November 1934 in Madrid. Photograph received from the author’s Aunt Maruja in Mexico City, 1971.




Ramón J. Sender, the author’s father’s name. The photo was taken in approximately 1936.





Looking up from under the chestnut tree, here is the upstairs front window of Villa Frutos.

This house in El Espinar on the main square was identified by Conchita as where the family stayed.





Dionisia Cortez Díaz, known in the Sender family as “Aisia,” the young niece of the building manager María Cortes. Aisia was hired by Amparo to care for Monchín. Here she is pictured with him in Zamora after Amparo was jailed.




Dionisio Heredero inscribed this photo:
“To the children of my dear friend and Zamoran, Amparo Barayón”

Señor Pozo’s restaurant

Señor Hernández Claomarchirán
Tia Maximina’s house is where Ramón Sender Barayón, as a child, stayed while his mother was in prison.
Ramoncito! Ramoncito! I used to take you for walks!




Palmira Sanjuan Misis, as a young girl, was imprisoned in the women’s cell with her mother and Amparo.





Pilar Fidalgo Carasa is author of “A Young Mother in Franco’s Prisons.” Her testimony in El Socialista described the horrendous conditions in Amparo’s cell. Photo by Eva Soltes, Mexico City, 1987.




Ramón Sender Barayón at Amparo’s grave





Magdalena Maes Barayón

Amparo Barayón, approximately twenty-two years old (1926). Folds in the photograph show that it had been rolled up and hidden for numerous years before being framed.




Tía Asunción Sender Garcés, with the author in Barcelona, in front of a portrait of Ramón J. Sender.





The author, Ramón Sender Barayón, writes: “This is the apartment house in Pau, France, where I spent part of my second year.”





“And this is Louvie-Juzon in the French Pyrenees, where I spent my third year.”





Judith Levy-Sender (the author’s wife), Sister Benedicta (the author’s sister), and Ramón Sender Barayón (the author), after returning from Spain.





Standing L to R: Casimira Barayón (Amparo’s oldest half-sister), Miguel Sevilla (Casimira’s future husband who would denounce Amparo to the fascists), sister Nati Barayón. Seated: Amparo, approximately twelve years old. Estimated date: 1916.